With energy imports which account for 90% of

With the advent of energy crises, India is working on Energy securities for the future. Amodel known asIndian Energy Securities Scenarios (IESS) has been set up whichwill predict the future cost and demand of energy. With this India would require to reduceits primary energy imports which account for 90% of total primary energy sources. Indiaalso need to work toward Clean India initiative of present government namelySwachhBharat Abhiyan.Due to the current population growth and population migration from villages to cities,Indian urban population will go from 34% presently to 50% in 2040. Which has caused alot of waste disposal problems in the cities. Waste mountains can be seen at many landfillsites across the country which has disrupt the environment and has serious implicationsover health. Farmer in Punjab and Haryana are burning their agricultural waste whichhas caused serious respiratory problems for people in Delhi.Most of cities in India have a problem of Municipal Solid Waste management whichincludes Inefficient waste collection mechanism and dumping of waste without its segregation and treatment. Studies have shown that if treated properly waste can be usefulresource and can help boost the economy in country and will provide more employment.Presently, municipalities across India are burning waste by a process calledincinerationwhich is causing air pollution in cities and the country is losing valuable resources.India has also recently ratified Paris Climate Deal and it would now have to reduceits carbon emissions to 50% of current emmision (CERs) hence India has to direct itspolicies for gaining more and more Carbon credits. With all these in mind, we need tomove in a direction of efficient conversion of waste to energy.The high volatility in fuel prices in the recent past and the resulting turbulence inenergy markets has compelled many countries to look for alternate sources of energy,for both economic and environmental reasons. With growing public awareness aboutsanitation, and with increasing pressure on the government and urban local bodies tomanage waste more efficiently, the Indian waste to energy sector is poised to grow ata rapid pace in the years to come. The dual pressing needs of waste management andreliable renewable energy source are creating attractive opportunities for investors andproject developers in the waste to energy sector.NITI Aayog is responsible for framing policies in India and Department of Energyhas provided me with an opportunity to find the potential of waste to energy in Indiancontext  

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