Skill job functions cognitive skills, technical skills, interpersonal

Skill development is an ability and capacity acquired through deliberate, systematic, and sustained effort to smoothly and adaptively carryout complex activities or job functions cognitive skills,  technical skills, interpersonal skills1.  Skill building is a powerful tool to empower individuals and improve their social acceptance. It must be complemented by economic growth and employment opportunities to meet the rising aspirations of youth.The challenge lies not only in a huge quantitative expansion of facilities for skill training, but also in raising their quality. India can then become the global sourcing hub for skilled employees.73.4 million young people were estimated to be unemployed in 2015 (13.1 per cent youth unemployment rate), and this figure is expected to increase in most regions by 20174.With a meagre 2.4% of existent landmass, India has been a homeland for 17.5% of total population of the globe. Of the 121 crore Indians, 83.3 crore live in rural areas while 37.7 crore stay in urban areas, said the Census of India’s 20113. From these demographics, the diversity of distribution in rural and urban localities is quite evident in India. Rural development and prosperity is deeply integrated to any nation’s growth. The mobilisation of the available youth and man-power and making them as skilled individuals is the need of the hour with the burgeoning youth brigade of India. Yet poverty is more extensive and severe in rural than urban areas. Flourishing rural areas are vital to regional and national development. Skilled workers are the need of the hour with the government committed to improving the skill landscape in the country over the next few years.A major reason for this is the mismatch between skills offered by workers and those demanded by employers. To access the world of work, youth need to be equipped with the right skills2.Some major reason of poor outcomes from rural areas are:           1. Illicit activities of youth 2. Absence of local market and isolation from External markets. 3. Women entrepreneurship are largely neglected. 4. Villagers don’t receives any government schemes. 5. Women Unemployment. 6. Lack of any proper Natural resources. 7. Caste discrimination. Skills are central to improving employability and livelihood opportunities, reducing poverty, enhancing productivity and promoting environmentally sustainable development. Even though we have a bounty of resources at our disposal, the lack of knowledge regarding how to make use of it, determines its relevance, hence, converting the resources into liability. This is where skill development comes into the picture. If people had the required skills to convert the raw materials into finished products, we would not have to depend on others for processing a product. Hence, skill development is the foundation for industrial growth in our country that augments creating a robust industrial economy, which increases our GDP without having to overtly lean on agrarian and service based economies. Unemployment and poverty goes side by side. The problem of unemployment gives rise to the problem of poverty.Young people after a long time of unemployment find the wrong way to earn money. To get rid from the unemployment stress, they accept alcohol or drugs.Unemployed youths accepts suicide as the last option of their life. Lower economic growth.Increase rate in Crimes. As the employed youth don’t have anything to do they start doing robbery, murder etc.Health issues i.e it affects mentally as well as physically. So the Unemployment Poverty and Skill development are inseparably interlinked. One leading to other and the solution there is skill development and increase the efficiency and quality of the man force. Thus this paper deals with the method which the rural life can easily cope up with thus become self sustained.5——————————————————————————————————————————————————————”Skill.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. 2016.”UNESCO launches new strategy promoting skill development at world youth event in bonn”-Education sector-20.07.2016″Skill development in rural India: A road map to efficient utilisation of human resources”- Ajay Chhangani – New18 – 23.06.2015″ILO’s World Employment and social out look 2016, trends of youth”-2016.Three Papers on Rural Development- David Freshwater- Nov 2000Women in the Indpur Village of Himachal Pradesh are not using their time and their ability to learn to support the bread winning member by acquiring sustainable income through various methods and in turn break social stereotypes against women. The factors include caste and gender discrimination, lethargy but the prominent ones being lack of skill set, physical and monetary capital absence and unawareness of present skills or resources or both and their imminent gain.1. Introduction. 1. Problem Statement. 2. Why this is important to address (based upon what you learned from papers) 3. How this causes problems in rural areas, (data from papers you are collecting and reading). 4. How this problem affects rural impoverished villagers & development in a negative way (data from papers you are collecting and reading). 5. Introduce village you went to 1. Tell a little about population, characteristics of village. 2. Give information about the problem area there.Problems indoorWomen Unemployment.Lack of any proper Natural resources.Lack of education for women.Caste discrimination.Illicit activities of youthAbsence of local market and isolation from External markets.Women entrepreneurship are largely neglected.Villagers don’t receives any government schemes.                         METHODThe overall research method was a naturalistic study. The team, consisting of five members, lived in the village of Indpur for five days. During these course of days we learned and experienced some of their challenges and difficulties which in turn helped us in analysing their day to day life and get to know all their problems. The team observed and recorded all the observations. Living in the same village among the villagers enhanced our understanding about the research problem. This method was chosen in order to fully experience and understand their issues, strength, customs and most importantly  their struggles in the field of skill development. As our topic was skill development their free time and any vocational skills. The method of assessing the problem was addressed by the team in the following ways. First we decided to widen our spectrum of personalities  on the basis of age occupation and family background. We focused mainly on the women of the village and talked to 3 SHGs Self Help Groups formed in the village. Secondly we quantified the amount of free time that is available with each person we interacted. Third we took an assessment of their interests in various fields . Fourth we kept a lookout for  potential market formation in the village which included buyers and sellers. Fifth we  assessed transportation facilities available to nearby markets and the market’s transactional nature.Majority of the men in the village were labourers. So we focused mainly on the women. For this we interviewed the members of the SHG group. Interviews were conducted  with the SHG group members using semi structured questionnaires. In order to get the gist of the way of life of women in Indpur, we have taken data from women of ages in the category  30-40, 18-25 and 18 below , namely Harjinder Didhi, Nidhi, Rema . We enquired about their free time , the primary and secondary occupations , their family income source, daily expenses , market accessibility , accessibility to resources ,vocational skills, land owned , savings after all the basic expenses, and educational facilities .As our field is skill development  it was important for us to know  the amount of free time that the women can spend each day .  On our research we found out that an average 2.5 hours could be spared by them . The rest of the time they do their household chores. However if the future interests demands we are sure they are ready and  can spend more than that to increase productivity. Something that came up during our interview session with the villagers is about caste discrimination. The villagers say that even the leaders support the higher caste. The government schemes are not fully reached to the villagers. Women are taught stitching at the A-Serve centre. Apart from that few are skilled at stitching sweaters , pickle and amchoor making. Although most of these women has the skill to make it,  they  make itt only for their own purpose and not for selling in the market. Field studies included visiting the local markets and the Pathankot market. The local market was used only to fulfil basic daily needs of the villagers. There was no other shops  other than shops that stored FMCG Fast Moving Consumer Goods. The nearest market Indora was at a distance of 7 -10 kms from the village. Due to the roads being narrow,no big commercial vehicles could come into the village as well as it couldn’t accommodate any such products in the village. The only commodity reaching the village from outside markets was readymade clothing and upon confrontation with the vendor,  he told us that he was good sales for those commodities. Investigating the Pathankot market it was found that mostly all the good there come from places like  Surat, Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir . They mostly sell readymade clothes ,materials , handicrafts , bamboo baskets etc.The village lacked an efficient and well built road network. There wasn’t a proper road, rather just rubbles and sand. Narrow roads did not support the traffic of heavy commercial vehicles. On  our observational study for these five days we investigated the available  natural resources in the village : Mangoes ,oranges, litchi, bottle guards , neem and curry leaves and drumstick are the available and abundant resource found in the village. Water and irrigation was enquiries by us. The villagers however do not face any problem with the quantity of water. The only problem was the quality.             RESULTS I Ratio of male and female was approx. 950:1000. 60% of the population are SC/ST ,20% Brahmins and 20% rajputs and others. Mangoes, oranges, litchi and guava are the production which is done in large scale. Caste discrimination , alcoholism, poor quality of water,lack of technology and its awareness,transportation, no proper use of available resources are the noted problems of the village. We found that the men in our focus area were mainly laborers. They didn’t have constant work, it was seasonal and their wages varied too. We found the women in the house were having a lot of free time that they used in unproductive ways. They are not ready to break from social barriers and come forward, work and support their family. Continuity was also missing among many women, who started off learning something but left it mid way.There are lot of cows, hens, wheat field and most of the income came from these agriculture and poultry farming. As part Amrita Serve’s skill development tailoring was also offered in the same building. Thereby a lot of women in the village know stitching as a basic skill. Many of the people doesn’t own land and they work as labourers in the fields of people who has land. The villagers concerned with our focus area do not own any land and therefore they don’t have any production which in turn means absence of resources, hence resources are very limited but drumsticks are found in abundance and not used at all. While most of the men are labourers ,more work is there when it is the harvest season otherwise its bare minimum business. There was seen a lot of agricultural fields and cattle farming. People are still sticking to the old techniques ,technology and products are not coming out effectively. Everyone has the ability to do Kitchen Farming. A lot of Scope for Homemade products such as candles , soaps (Washing and bathing ,both sold out quickly) , Drinks , AGarbakhti’s as these are bought from the outside market at high cost . Shopkeepers ready to sell homemade products. It would give them a motivation to keep their places clean and neat. They does work only when given motivation and by watching other’s work . Three SHG groups are currently present in the village and are ready to work and earn for themselves but lacking in resources and skills. On an Average 2.5 hours can be leased out by the women in the village per day for any another skill development courses.DiscussionWe found that the men in our focus area were mainly laborers. They didn’t have constant work, it was seasonal and their wages varied too. We found the women in the house were having some free time that they used in unproductive ways. They are not ready to break from social barriers and come forward, work and support their family. Continuity was also missing among many women, who started off learning something but left it mid wayThe solution we propose keeping in mind the various problems in the villages is as follows.  There is a clear possibility to set up a sustainable, low-cost, processing unit for the drumstick tree and convert, in a fully sustainable manner that also protects the trees, parts of its leaves, bark, root as well as pods into consumer goods of mainly three categories which are food, cosmetic and medicinal. As mentioned above, the drumstick tree exhibits these three categorical fulfilment excellently. By installing necessary equipments and teaching them to use it, we will be providing them with necessary skills. Marketing the products in stores as well as in e-commerce will bring them closer to business closures. We are proposing a manufacturing unit be set up in the village with the workforce being indigenous. Only the overall supervision be taken up by a more experienced person. Making the product available in e-commerce site and deploying a website purely for these products will also boost the overall sales of the product and minimises the exposure of villagers to brokers as well as unwanted bargaining. Logistics can be handled by external logistics agencies that will also take care of the transportation as well storage. This village is found to have huge potential for hosting such a unit. It has both the workforce as well as the resource factor. We found that mainly the women there have some free time time to work in these manufacturing units. It is important to inculcate the concept of skill development in Indpur as it directly results in sustainable income generation which can essentially eradicate poverty in most homes and upbring the financial status of the rest. The unit can accommodate a large volume of employees which ensures a job for many villagers. The prime ministers ‘Make in India’ campaign can be fulfilled by setting up this unit.

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