India system, place of origin, and the roles

 

            India is a country of
diversity. In order to understand the acculturation experiences of Indian women
in Taiwan, it is essential to explore the rich diversity of experiences within
the Indian immigrant population of Taiwan. It is also necessary to have an awareness
of the diversification in religion, family practices, and generational status,
and the numerous cultural variations that exist within this immigrant
population (Seth,1995). Women’s roles are rooted in the very fabric of Indian
society, evident in its traditions, religious principles, and practices within
families.

Indian women come from a patriarchal and
collectivistic society, and bear the responsibility of holding, teaching, and
transmitting cultural traditions, values, and beliefs to their families
(Bhattacharya, 2002). Family and kinship provide the basis for an Indian woman’s
identity and also facilitate the continuity of culture and religion. The role
of women varies with generation, socioeconomic status, the caste system, and
the level of education. For example, family members often influence the
preservation of cultural traditions and also the decisions surrounding major
life choices such as education, friendships, and marriage (Saran, 1985). Women
are expected to be dutiful wives, obedient daughters-in-law, and loving
mothers. Women are primarily responsible for household duties, with or without
anyone’s help. However, in recent times, women have been encouraged by their
families to continue their education and there have been many changes in the
role of Indian women. They can now seek employment as the desire for a better
standard of living and economic necessity have propelled women to work. Women
have dual roles, being a housewife and being employed (Gupta, 1999). Indian
women bring with them the roles, values, beliefs, education, family ideologies,
etc. of Indian society. The family system, place of origin, and the roles of caste
and religion become serious issues in female development within a society.  Even if Indian women are from more liberal,
educated, urbanized, and westernized families, they still carry with them,
diluted ‘cultural baggage’ that needs to be reevaluated and renegotiated.
Indian immigrant women in transition are much more subject to forces of change than
their counterparts in India (Naidoo, 2003). 
Modern Indian immigrant women24find themselves at a crucial junction in
choosing effective ways to acculturate to the individualistic culture of the Taiwan.
This study explores the various strategies adopted by Indian women to
acculturate to the Taiwanese society (Kankipati, 2012).

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