Background that are taken for granted and relied

Background

As the number of internet users are growing, the internet has exceedingly
changed the way people work, live and how they communicate and socialise with
others. The rise of the internet as well as the growth of usage from around the
world through various technologies is most likely to continue changing our
lives in many different ways.

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-1.0 Terms
of Reference

This report has been requested by Stephen Colbert (Lecturer) and is on
the subject of ‘The Growth of the Internet’. The purpose of this report is to
show the comparison of how the internet has grown since the first web page went
live on the internet. This is a requirement for the Communication: Level 6 unit
and is due to be submitted on 27 October 2017.

Throughout this report, Katelyn McKechnie will be covering how the
internet has grown since the first webpage went live, the population across the
world that uses the internet every day, methods of communication and how the
internet will continue to grow.

-2.0 Procedures

Research for this report was obtained primarily via the internet by
sourcing useful information from websites including newspaper reports.

-3.0
Findings

 3.1 Evolution of Pre-Internet.

In today’s hyper-tech world, there are thousands of web pages. Surfing
the internet, creating webpages and sharing with social media are things that
are taken for granted and relied on in our day to day lives.  However, the internet has not always been as
simple to use as it is now. In 1969, four Universities in the United States set
up a project dedicated to information about the World Wide Web. They aired the
first webpage allowing readers to understand
how to create and design web pages and also providing further information about
hypertext.

The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
also known as ARPANET, was the first successful computer network
to be created in the late 1960’s. The reason the network was created was to
link computers at Pentagon-funded research institutions over telephone lines.
Taken from an online source, it is explained that during the War, military
commanders were searching for a computer communication system that did not have
a central core, with no headquarters that could be targeted and ruined by
enemies. ARPANET’s purpose was for further academic facilities to connect to it like
today the internet’s purpose is to retain doing so, however, to a greater
extent.

 

 3.2 Population accessing the internet from all over the world.

A United Nations agency report confirms there are now over three billion
internet users across the world. Twelve years after the ARPANET was launched
there were only 213 computers on their network but 14 years after this, things
began to change. There were sixteen million users online and the use of
emailing came into place. The first appropriate internet browser was then
created in 1993.

By 1995 the internet had Amazon, by 1998 Google and by 2001, Wikipedia
was launched. At this time there were 513 million users actively on the
internet.

A great amount of growth in the web has come from mobile users. Mobile
internet usage has increased majorly since 2007. 69% of people on earth are
shown to be covered by mobile 3G coverage. However, the rise in growth of
fixed-broadband connectivity has decreased, with only 7% growth annually over
the last 3 years. One of the main reasons that internet access has had a major
increase is due to the affordability. Fixed-broadband is 1.7 times more
expensive than the average customer’s mobile broadband plan meaning this is a
reasonable explanation for the increase. Taken from the ITU Report, it has been
proven broadband is affordable in 111 countries, with a basic fixed or mobile
plan costing less than 5% of national income. More than 3.9 billion people in the world are not internet users. Studies
show non internet users can be unreasonably less educated, rural and elderly.

 3.2 Methods of Communication

The way people
communicate has been transformed massively. It is now possible for people to
deliver massive amounts of data with the push of a button. New communication
technologies have connected not only people but also businesses, changing the
way people live on a daily basis.

Email and social networking sites have joined
the world unimaginably. High-speed connections allow for a great amount of
information to be transferred in seconds. Over the years Samuel F.B. Morse sent
the first telegraph, Alexander Graham Bell created the first phone call. Radios
have been around for more than 100 years, and it’s been more than 80 years
since the first TV broadcast. Now, in the 21st century the Internet has taken over
the world. The internet makes information accessible instantly and smoothly. Today,
devices such as computers, mobile phones and tablets are the primary
communication devices.

In 1996, Hotmail appeared online providing
users with a unique email account based online. The emails could be accessed anywhere
at any time which was an advantage to users as this method was faster than
traditional post. The past years have provided us with various online
communication methods such as Facebook, Twitter, Gmail, Instagram &
Snapchat which allow us to share information, videos and images with other
online users. Online websites are created everyday which is continuing to allow
us to share information and mobile phone applications are constantly designed
and updated regularly for our use. Using the internet connects us to an online
world and these methods will continue to develop.

It can
be seen that over the past few years the internet facilities has grown greatly
and has made a huge impact on all of our lives. Information has been presented
about the way the use of the internet, mobile phones, tablets and other digital
media provide us with both educational and social benefits. It is clear that
the internet is constantly changing and will develop further technology in the
future.   

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